Paperback ✓ My Childhood PDF/EPUB Á

Paperback  ✓ My Childhood PDF/EPUB Á
    IGNOU books 2019 In Hindi Online PDF Free old Gorky was taken to live with his grandfather, a polecat faced tyrant who would regularly beat him unconscious, and with his grandmother, a tender mountain of a woman and a wonderful storyteller, who would kneel beside their bed with Gorky inside it pretending to be asleep and give God her views on the day s happenings, down to the last fascinating details She was, in fact, Gorky s closest friend and the epic heroine of a book swarming with characters and with the sensations of a curious and often frightened little boy My Childhood, the first volume of Gorky s autobiographical trilogy, was in part an act of exorcism It describes a life begun in the raw, remembered with extraordinary charm and poignancy and without bitterness Of all Gorky s books this is the one that made him the father of Russian literature."/>
  • Paperback
  • 240 pages
  • My Childhood
  • Maxim Gorky
  • English
  • 16 December 2019
  • 0140182853

My Childhood[PDF] ❤ My Childhood ⚣ Maxim Gorky – Essayreview.co.uk Coloured by poverty and horrifying brutality, Gorky s childhood equipped him to understand in a way denied to a Tolstoy or a Turgenev the life of the ordinary Russian After his father, a paperhanger a Coloured by poverty and horrifying brutality, Gorky s childhood equipped him to understand in a way denied to a Tolstoy or a Turgenev the life of the ordinary Russian After his father, a paperhanger and upholsterer, died of cholera, five year old Gorky was taken to live with his grandfather, a polecat faced tyrant who would regularly beat him unconscious, and with his grandmother, a tender mountain of a woman and a wonderful storyteller, who would kneel beside their bed with Gorky inside it pretending to be asleep and give God her views on the day s happenings, down to the last fascinating details She was, in fact, Gorky s closest friend and the epic heroine of a book swarming with characters and with the sensations of a curious and often frightened little boy My Childhood, the first volume of Gorky s autobiographical trilogy, was in part an act of exorcism It describes a life begun in the raw, remembered with extraordinary charm and poignancy and without bitterness Of all Gorky s books this is the one that made him the father of Russian literature.


About the Author: Maxim Gorky

Aleksey Maximovich Peshkov Russian , was a Soviet author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activistHe was also a five time nominee for the Nobel Prize in LiteratureFrom to and from to he lived abroad, mostly in Capri, Italy after his return to the Soviet Union he accepted the cultural policies of the time.


10 thoughts on “My Childhood

  1. says:

    In recalling my childhood I like to picture myself as a beehive to which various simple obscure people brought the honey of their knowledge and thoughts on life, generously enriching my character with their own experience Often this honey was dirty and bitter, but every scrap of knowledge was honey all the same.I sat at a table near the door of my English class when I was around thirteen Hard by the door to its left was a slightly battered steel cupboard which held a modest library of books T In recalling my childhood I like to picture myself as a beehive to which various simple obscure people brought the honey of their knowledge and thoughts on life, generously enriching my character with their own experience Often this honey was dirty and bitter, but every scrap of knowledge was honey all the same.I sat at a table near the door of my English class when I was around thirteen Hard by the door to its left was a slightly battered steel cupboard which held a modest library of books The idea was we could borrow a book from the cupboard to broaden our reading and this book is the one I best remember, it stands outclearly than Rogue Male or The Fallen Idol and numerous others whose titles I ve forgotten since turning their pages.On the one hand it is a great book to read while growing up because it concerns the process of growing up and in particular for any bookish child this is an autobiography of reading, a child formed by books as much as anything else And in this respect it is like many other literary autobiographies The Classic Slum leaps to mind as a British equivalent On the other hand the young Alexei Peshkov, who later adopted Maxim Gorky view spoiler the surname means bitter hide spoiler as his pen name, grew up in Nizhni Novgorod, brought up by his downwardly mobile grandparents at the end of the nineteenth century as the Russian Empire was undergoing one of its periods of rapid yet uneven economic growth, so it is also the story of a very particular childhood.This volume is the first of an autobiographical trilogy that continues with My Apprenticeship and closes with My Universities view spoiler the title of the final part is ironic hide spoiler It opens with the young Gorky watching his mother crying over the dead body of his father while she goes into labour and ends some years later, barely a teenager, with his grandfather tossing him out of the house to fend for himself.The whole trilogy builds into an impressive picture of pre revolutionary life in a big provincial city Its a colourful and hard existence, people don t so much struggle to avoid poverty so much as regularly see it flood over them, just as the river Volga floods the lower reaches of the city every spring Almost the only constant are the books and the reading, the impact of that reading on the life and mind of a growing child who as the series closes has become an adult, in part an adult shaped by books they have read.Above all there are two constant figures in this story His grandmother view spoiler she started and ended her life as a beggar hide spoiler and his grandfather view spoiler he had some success as a dyer, but the business was brought down through squabbles between his sons hide spoiler The grandfather was a self made businessman view spoiler it is the Grandfather who teaches the young boy to read and write using church calendars which leaves him with unusually boxy handwriting hide spoiler However this is not the cool, calm world of the corporation but rather the by the skin of the teeth world of the family business, riven by jealousies and insecurity The grandmother by contrast inhabits the world of folk religion view spoiler when an icon of the Virgin Mary is carried around the town by monks from house to house for the residents to give a respectful kiss to the young Peshkov has been so filled with love for her by his Grandmother s stories that he can t restrain himself from kissing the Virgin full on the lips view spoiler which earns him a cuff from the monks hide spoiler hide spoiler This is a fascinating book I am still inclined to recommend to lovers of Tolstoy and Turgenev as a corrective to a top down, rural vision of pre revolutionary Russia Here instead is the teeming town, the tradesman, the small business A world in which going to school and getting a formal education can be a child s dream, while getting the kind of beating that lands them in hospital is part of the reality of their upbringing

  2. says:

    What a wonderful book I liked everything of it the story, which is the autobiographical account of Gorky s childhood, but also the writing style The language is so simple but powerful and there are wonderful descriptions of everything the landscapes, the emotions of the people, Russian life and habits of that period and, above all, Gorky s considerations about his childhood.It s impossible to hate even only one of the characters though sometimes they seem harsh and rude I liked a lot how Go What a wonderful book I liked everything of it the story, which is the autobiographical account of Gorky s childhood, but also the writing style The language is so simple but powerful and there are wonderful descriptions of everything the landscapes, the emotions of the people, Russian life and habits of that period and, above all, Gorky s considerations about his childhood.It s impossible to hate even only one of the characters though sometimes they seem harsh and rude I liked a lot how Gorky depicts the humanity in every character they can be sometimes bad but also kind All are so human with their virtues but also with their vices Every aspect of the personality was important for Gorky As he himself says in the storyIf I think about myself as a child, I imagine myself like a hive where several simple and insignificant people brought, like bees, the honey of their knowledge and their thoughts on life, generously enriching my soul, each according to his ability Often this honey was dirty and bitter, but all knowledge is still honeytranslation made by me, I ve read the book in Italian I do agree so much with this quote In my opinion it is so important to observe and listen to the people because from everyone we can learn something Through the description of his childhood we can also feel the Russian soul the life and habits of simple and poor people in that period but also during the time when his grandparents were kids because they told him from their childhood There is another quote I liked, when Gorky s grandfather says We are not lords No one teaches us We have to understand everything by ourselves For the others books have been written and schools built, and for us there is nothing ready made We have to take it all by ourselves. It was really interesting to read about how life was in that period for poor people His grandfather hit him a lot when he was a child but also told him that he did it to teach him The grandfather hit also his wife but for her there was nothing strange in this But she was such a lovely person, full of compassion for her husband and for the other people Gorky s uncles had tried to kill Gorky s father, there was often a lot of violence but Gorky seems detached from everything he talks about his youth but there is no bitterness or judgment He used also the bad things as we can understand from the first quote to better understand people, life and what surrounded him He was a big observes and it s only through observation that we can learn something and attain knowledge.Another theme I liked a lot was that about God There were two different points of view the one of Gorky s grandmother and the one of his grandfather For his grandfather God was far away, someone to respect and be afraid of He was a strong believer but in a serious way For the grandmother, on the contrary, God was a friend Every evening, before going to bed, she talked to him telling what happened during the day and how people had behaved, as if she was chatting with a neighbor There was so much sweetness and tenderness in her way of loving God She talked also to God s Mother as if she wasimportant that God himself Once, talking to her, the grandmother said but don t tell your Son It was so sweet It seemed a relationship of confidence among mothers.But Gorky s grandmother believed also in spirits and goblins of the Russian folklore The tales she told to Gorky when he was a child were wonderful and I liked that mix of superstition and faith For the grandmother all these spirits were real, she strongly believed in them She talked also about angels and devils she had seen and Gorky child was fascinated by all these stories.His grandmother was the most important person of his childhood and the reader feels the importance of this person and her sweetness Gorky s father had died when he was a child and his mother decided to leave him with her parents and to go away She wasn t present in Gorky s life, his grandfather hit him often so we understand why his grandmother with her sweetness, kindness and fables has been the most important person in his life There would be a lotto say about this book It was also moving Not only because of the people s lives but I found also some descriptions of the landscape very touching In my opinion this is a must read

  3. says:

    I read this book in Russian and a fairly simple Russian it was, as I recall From Maxim Gorky s Trilogy, Moskva, 1975 , this book began it, followed by Among the People, and My University One sentence I admire, even aspire to at his father s grave he did not cry , 17 I cry very rarely, and only from insults or outrages, never from suffering or pain Moreover, his father would laugh at his tears When his bereaved mother comes on d I read this book in Russian and a fairly simple Russian it was, as I recall From Maxim Gorky s Trilogy, Moskva, 1975 , this book began it, followed by Among the People, and My University One sentence I admire, even aspire to at his father s grave he did not cry , 17 I cry very rarely, and only from insults or outrages, never from suffering or pain Moreover, his father would laugh at his tears When his bereaved mother comes on deck to see her own mother singing Aida to vodka smashed sailors, Mother says, They re laughing at you, Mamasha God Bless them her mother replies, Let them laughIt s good for their health 21 This was decades ago, so what I principally recall is seeing Gorky s house on Capri What a shock that this avatar of the simple life, this hero of socialist realism, this denizen of economic sequestration, actually lived in splendor quite a few years on the Isle of Capri 1906 13, before the Revolution, then again in the 1920s Wrote one of his best novels there, at his own villa Pierina A couple years ago, Capri named one of its streets for him, as did Norway, Maine for my grandfather, Ralph W Richardson Even has his middle initial

  4. says:

    The most horrific violence, terrible poverty and degradation is described here, most frighteningly of all, in the indifferent voice of a child It is terrifying to see how quickly the horror of this reality becomes an accepted, to the point of being almost ignored, part of Alexei s life Only on two occasions does the voice of the adult Maxim Gorky give us an indication of the true effect of such experiences on a young childI couldn t believe any longer that all this was in earnest and that The most horrific violence, terrible poverty and degradation is described here, most frighteningly of all, in the indifferent voice of a child It is terrifying to see how quickly the horror of this reality becomes an accepted, to the point of being almost ignored, part of Alexei s life Only on two occasions does the voice of the adult Maxim Gorky give us an indication of the true effect of such experiences on a young childI couldn t believe any longer that all this was in earnest and that tears came hard to them All those tears and shouts, and all the suffering they inflicted on each other, all those conflicts that died away just as quickly as they flared up, had now become an accepted part of my life, disturbed me less and less, and hardly left any impression Long afterwards I understood that to Russians, through the poverty and squalor of their lives, suffering comes as a diversion, is turned into a game and they play at it like children and rarely feel ashamed of their misfortune In the monotony of everyday existence grief comes as a holiday When I try to recall thsoe vile abominations of that barbarous life in Russia, at times I find myself asking the question is it worth while recording them And with ever stronger conviction I find the answer is yes, because that was the real loathsome truth and to this day it is still valid It is the truth that must be known down to the very roots, so that by tearing them up it can be completely erased from the memory, from the soul of man, from our whole oppressive and shameful life Yet this story is beautifully told, with charm and without bitterness, with an appreciation for the happy times and for the love

  5. says:

    NO SPOILERS Magnificent writing I loved listening to those kind words and watching the red and gold fire flickering in the stove and milky white clouds of steam rising over the vats, leaving a dove coloured crust like hoar frost, on the sloping rafters of the roof , where jagged chinks let through blue patches of sky The wind died down, the sun came out, and the whole yard seemed sprinkled with ground glass The screeching of sleighs came from the street, light blue smoke curled up from chi NO SPOILERS Magnificent writing I loved listening to those kind words and watching the red and gold fire flickering in the stove and milky white clouds of steam rising over the vats, leaving a dove coloured crust like hoar frost, on the sloping rafters of the roof , where jagged chinks let through blue patches of sky The wind died down, the sun came out, and the whole yard seemed sprinkled with ground glass The screeching of sleighs came from the street, light blue smoke curled up from chimneys, and soft shadows as if they too had a story to tell The tall, bony Grigory, hatless, with his long beard, and large ears, looked like a kind hearted magician as he stood there mixing the bubbling dye and continued the lesson Never be afraid to look a person straight in the face Even the dog that attacks you will run away then23% Russian authors are the best in my view Their description of people, both in appearance and character, of places and events are unsurpassed This is an autobiography, the first book of three, by and about Maxim Gorky Tolstoy has also written an autobiography entitled My Childhood their lives were very different Gorky s portrays the lowest classes of the Russian people It is not surprising that he became an enthused supporter of Marxism Please read the book description if you are unaware of the basics of Gorky s life Here, in this book, you see the events of the author s first eight years, through his own eyes.Stories after stories that is what you get Gorky had a very frightening, terrible childhood The suffering he describes is physical Beatings, brawls, fights and yet at the same time there are fairy tales and legends he has learned from his grandmother he is close to his grandmother and her life philosophy inspires hope even during the darkest of times When Gorky s father dies he goes to live with his mother s family, but even his mother cannot bear to live there He is thus raised primarily by his grandmother and grandfather Although the grandfather is brutal, you see that he is also kind, well sometimes The times are different children are beaten, how else can they be taught Both grandparents are religious, but each in their own way Both ways are vividly painted through Alexei s perception The book shows how this child saw his world it was utterly frightening and incomprehensible You absorb his experiences through story after story after story I waited until the innkeeper s wife had gone down to the cellar, and then shut the hatch and locked it over her, danced a dance of revenge over it, flung the key onto the roof and rushed as fast as my legs could take me to the kitchen, where Grandmother happened to be doing the washing It took her some time to find out why I was so delighted, and when she did, she gave me a smack in the right place, dragged me outside and sent me up on the roof after the keys Amazed at the reception, I silently retrieved the key and then ran off to one corner of the yard, from where I could see Grandmother freeing the captive innkeeper s wife Then both of them, laughing all over their faces, came towards me across the yard You ll get it from me said the innkeeper s wife threatening me with her plump fist, but still smiling benevolently with that eyeless face of hers.Grandmother took hold of me by the scruff of the neck and hauled me off to the kitchen, where she asked me What did you do that for She threw a carrot at you So you did it for me Well What a nerve I ve a good mind to put you under the stove to keep the mince company Perhaps that will knock some sense into you42% There are stories about everything, but they are all true stories funerals where live frogs end up buried on top of the coffin, blazing fires, cockroach battles, people crushed under crosses Life was hard One can understand why Gorky, or Alexei Maximovich Peshkov as he was really called, came to sympathize for the downtrodden tramps, factory workers and the poorest of the poor of Russian society He lived from 1863 1936 His book Mother was the first comprehensive portrait of the Russian socialist movement He was a friend of Stalin and was given a Hero s Funeral in the Red Square But you should read this book for the marvellous storytelling, not for a summary of historical events For that, look elsewhere.I believe the following quote wonderfully expresses Gorky s view on both life and people In recalling my childhood I like to picture myself as a beehive to which very simple obscure people brought the honey of their knowledge and thoughts on life, generously enriching my character with their own experience Often this honey was dirty and bitter, but every scrap of knowledge was honey all the same 55% This book deservesthan five stars

  6. says:

    Nobody writes about death as the Russians do The scene at the end of the book, a mere page in length, where Gorky describes the death of his mother that he witnessed as a child, will stay with me for a long time The stuffy smell, wax coloured skin, paper think limbs and dimness of the small room it is so accurately described with so little words The book is very grim There are no champagne problems or existential ennui one is used to encountering when reading Russian classics that describe Nobody writes about death as the Russians do The scene at the end of the book, a mere page in length, where Gorky describes the death of his mother that he witnessed as a child, will stay with me for a long time The stuffy smell, wax coloured skin, paper think limbs and dimness of the small room it is so accurately described with so little words The book is very grim There are no champagne problems or existential ennui one is used to encountering when reading Russian classics that describe the lives of the aristocracy Gorky s family were commoners and lived a simple life His mother was absent from the picture most of the time and he was largely brought up by his grandmother and grandfather The former being described with such kindness a very good character building, she really comes alive in front of the reader s eyes His grandfather was mindlessly violent towards almost all the family members This was tolerated with stern patience by all apart from Maxin Gorky himself Also described are various practical jokes Gorky played on others and that were played on himself a great inspiration if you happen to have a secret enemy All in all, it painted a very thorough and vivid picture of a family in Tsarist Russia, at all times keeping an observant and non judgemental attitude towards the happenings A painfully beautiful book

  7. says:

    Childhood is not always about the pink clouds and rainbows which unicorns jump over Childhood can be violent, torn apart and even disastrous The book amazed me by its descriptions of violence against a child as a means of educating a small human being Poverty, suffering, and early industrialization were described wonderfully Family failures and tough end of childhood were the main drivers of all violence One thing I observed was related to the role of religion There were many depictions ab Childhood is not always about the pink clouds and rainbows which unicorns jump over Childhood can be violent, torn apart and even disastrous The book amazed me by its descriptions of violence against a child as a means of educating a small human being Poverty, suffering, and early industrialization were described wonderfully Family failures and tough end of childhood were the main drivers of all violence One thing I observed was related to the role of religion There were many depictions about it and several things can be decoded but I paid attention to the helplessness of the religion Maybe the writer did it intentionally to dismantle the role of religion or maybe it was just a coincidence Who knows Lastly, the strive for self isolation or the isolation of the family and close members was a kind of unique feature of my reading of this thing A failed Russian family that tried to jump the social class can not accept the way that they ended up A frightful grandpa created a personality that repels everybody and tries create a path for other members of the family which actually is air

  8. says:

    Maybe the five stars I awarded this book are because I am so grateful to it Let me explain In my late teens, I deliberately turned my back on cultural pursuits, thinking that they would be very boring Strange, seeing that I was training to be a junior school teacher at the time I remember the child psychology lecturer recommending certain novels, such as The Member of the Wedding , A Death in the Family , The Lord of the Flies and this, because they were able to enter so completely int Maybe the five stars I awarded this book are because I am so grateful to it Let me explain In my late teens, I deliberately turned my back on cultural pursuits, thinking that they would be very boring Strange, seeing that I was training to be a junior school teacher at the time I remember the child psychology lecturer recommending certain novels, such as The Member of the Wedding , A Death in the Family , The Lord of the Flies and this, because they were able to enter so completely into the mind of a child I wasn t particularly interested, but then, in my first year of teaching, something made me buy this book It bowled me over I entered into the life of the boy Gorky to such an extent that I almost felt as if I were living the story rather than reading it There was nothing heavy, nothing boring, it was involving, and as my lecturer had promised, psychologically acute This book opened a door I had been wrong about literature, could I be wrong about culture And so the great symphonies of Beethoven came tumbling into my life, other great works of Russian literature, the life changing films of Bergman, Fellini, Truffaut and Visconti, followed swiftly after this was the 60s How could I not give this wonderful book the highest rating, when it opened the door to such riches

  9. says:

    First read this book when I was a secondary student, then I lost it I repurchased it recently This book taught me a lot about independence and affection One of the books that change my life besides

  10. says:

    If you re looking for a plot of any kind, don t read this book.With that said, this book celebrates the beauty of nature and at the same time indifferently reveals the often senseless cruelty of humans Gorky a celebrated Russian writer writes autobiographically of his childhood with his Grandfather, Grandmother, and Mother His mother is an absent figure for most of Gorky s childhood, be it physically or emotionally His Grandfather is a practical man, stubborn, and violently abusive Grandmo If you re looking for a plot of any kind, don t read this book.With that said, this book celebrates the beauty of nature and at the same time indifferently reveals the often senseless cruelty of humans Gorky a celebrated Russian writer writes autobiographically of his childhood with his Grandfather, Grandmother, and Mother His mother is an absent figure for most of Gorky s childhood, be it physically or emotionally His Grandfather is a practical man, stubborn, and violently abusive Grandmother is one of the two reasons this book holds value to me She is the classic wise old woman figure in literature accepting, loving, respected, and, of course, wise She prays to her own mystical God, and this is what brings the story its praise of nature Grandmother s God is a pagan god of sorts he lives in the trees branches as they flow in the wind, or in the blooming of the flower, or in the kindness of Gorky himself as a child Gorky s writing on this topic lends itself naturally to the reader s fuller appreciation of these things, even if you may not as I didn t view them as filled with God but rather simply as beautiful.Another facet of this novel that I enjoyed was Gorky s message that, though Russia s lower classes may be riddled with violence and senseless, harmful actions, they hold infinite promise and wellness of heart deep within them That Russian culture has spawned a generation of dynamic individuals that are in the midst a huge possibility of change Though he doesn t quite state this outright, it came through to me as I read his autobiography.I didn t rate this higher because it bored me to no end It simply went nowhere Gorky goes back and forth from his Grandfather s, to his Mother s they move from one boarding house to another he gets in trouble in one school and two pages later he s in a childish street gang, only seven pages later to be top student I found it all hard and somewhat useless to follow because, honestly, the plot never reached any sort of resolution for me Weird, too for me it s been three books in a row that I haven t fallen into any sort of love with Unusual Overall, though, a good read, and a great insight into Gorky himself if you re a fan of his other writings

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