Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 2 eBook ☆

Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 2 eBook ☆
  • Paperback
  • 237 pages
  • Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 2
  • Jacob Burckhardt
  • English
  • 06 May 2019
  • 0060904607

Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 2➫ Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 2 Read ➳ Author Jacob Burckhardt – Essayreview.co.uk Studies the culture which emerged in Italy during the Renaissance, focusing on developments in statecraft, art, and literature Studies the culture which emerged in the Renaissance Epub Ú Italy during the Renaissance, focusing on developments in statecraft, art, and literature.


About the Author: Jacob Burckhardt

Carl Jacob Christoph Burckhardt was a the Renaissance Epub Ú historian of art and culture, and an influential figure in the historiography of each field He is known as one of the major progenitors of cultural history, albeit in a form very different from how cultural history is conceived and studied in academia today Siegfried Giedion described Burckhardt s achievement in the following terms The great discoverer of the age of the Renaissance, he first showed how a period should be Civilization of ePUB Ì treated in its entirety, with regard not only for its painting, sculpture and architecture, but for the social institutions of its daily life as well Burckhardt s best known work is The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy .


10 thoughts on “Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 2

  1. says:

    How could I express the sheer pleasure I have had in reading this book It is not easy to find historians or writers of Burckhardt s calibre Published in 1860, this icon of a book deserves its place as a model of historiography of the highest quality Not many have served as a double linchpin Burckhardt took up Michelet s term of Renaissance and provided an exhaustive and brilliant analysis of what the term embodied in the Italy of the 13th 16th Centuries That was thespecific contrib How could I express the sheer pleasure I have had in reading this book It is not easy to find historians or writers of Burckhardt s calibre Published in 1860, this icon of a book deserves its place as a model of historiography of the highest quality Not many have served as a double linchpin Burckhardt took up Michelet s term of Renaissance and provided an exhaustive and brilliant analysis of what the term embodied in the Italy of the 13th 16th Centuries That was thespecific contribution But in this study Burckhardt also created a new field of inquiry With him cultural history was born.I have read it in translation, but the text is pure delectation nonetheless Burckhardt is in no hurry to express what he has to say because there is such assuredness in his ideas Neither is there unwonted prolixity because his language is notelaborate than his knowledge His smooth prose keeps the same elegant pace as befits the dignity of his thought For his erudition flows as clearly as limpid water For example, he knows Dante as well as if he were his brother, but his reading has not stopped at the notorious founding fathers of the Renaissance and feels as familiar with a Matteo Villani, Aeneas Sylvius, Niccol de Niccoli, Giacomo Piccinino, to name just very few His mastery results from his deep familiarity with a very wide collection of primary sources He has read them all. And a similar acquaintanceship is demonstrated in other fields, whether these are painting, music, politics, ecclesiastical matters, sociological, military, etc His overall thesis is clear during this time and place the Individual was invented and shaped in all its dimensions so that it could stand well on its feet and in all fields And his thesis is then amply, soundly, thoroughly, and methodically elaborated and demonstrated.In his articulation of the historical understanding of culture he starts with the standard politics Italy certainly offers him a wide array of possible systems, from large to smaller despotisms and its critics, and to its alternatives the acclaimed Republics But in all of these systems he has detected the disappearance of Feudalism, which was however sustained for a while longer in the other European countries For him then the political systems of Italy are works of art.In tracing the development of the Individual he does not stop short at the creation of new Personalities we now have the names for the craftsmen , but also looks at its other less glorious consequence the ridicule and humour of that which has been particularized His elaboration of the Renewal of Antiquity is brilliant It involvedthan exploring the ruins and resuscitating forgotten writers and translating new ones, but also its new forms of teaching, and the eventual stagnation of creativity Stale imitation could easily become formulaic until it would bring about its own demise and loss of prestige.This was the period in which frontiers were broken Burckhardt embarks on following those discoveries as the Italians set out in their travels, in their examination of their natural surroundings, whether this was for aesthetic discoveries, seeing for the first time that landscapes could be beautiful as Petrarch demonstrated , or for the revelation of scientific principles With the individual as the basic unit, the writing of biographies took a new impetus and emphasis in this land and this time Benvenuto Cellini s Autobiography is as exquisite as his jewels.Burckhardt s emphasis on the individual does not mean that he forgets that this new kind of creature is a social one He then proceeds with an exhaustive review of how this society structured itself how its members communicated with each other whether through language or other means how it projected itself in dressing or in theatrics how and in what it sought entertainment, solace or merriment in sum, how it lived.As the son of a Calvinist priest, Burckhardt would have to leave for the end, and conclusion, how this new Individual, emerging after a long theocratical period, reconciled his existence with the realm of eternity, with immortality The last section is devoted to organized Religion and other beliefs, as well as to the slippery question of morals.For us this book remains a rich lesson For what Burckhardt can still teach us about the Renaissance, and for the ingenious approach As a historian, he would not have denied that he was also part of his times, place and society If at the beginning of the reading some of his prejudices may cause a reader of today s society shift somewhat uncomfortably in his her seat when some nations or cultures were perceived by him as part of that awkward Other , eventually his beautiful speech lulls our minds and we can follow his tune and eliminate, without much ado, some sporadic discordances

  2. says:

    Thus what the word Renaissance really means is new birth to liberty the spirit of mankind recovering consciousness and the power of self determination, recognizing the beauty of the outer world and of the body through art, liberating the reason in science and the conscience in religion, restoring culture to the intelligence, and establishing the principle of political freedomJohn Addington Symonds, Renaissance in ItalyOften, when writing about the Renaissance there is tendency among experThus what the word Renaissance really means is new birth to liberty the spirit of mankind recovering consciousness and the power of self determination, recognizing the beauty of the outer world and of the body through art, liberating the reason in science and the conscience in religion, restoring culture to the intelligence, and establishing the principle of political freedomJohn Addington Symonds, Renaissance in ItalyOften, when writing about the Renaissance there is tendency among experts writers historians to focus on the well plumed bird and ignore the nest Burckhardt spends nearly 400 pages carefully detailing the Tuscan nest of the Renaissance that embraced, protected, and incubated the great Italian artists of the Rinascimento Giotto to Michelangelo, etc.Burckhardt first describes the state in Italy and carefully describes the rise of the despots, the energy of the republics, and the push and the pull of the papacy He builds on this, describing the development of the individual, Italy s relationship with its Classical past Finally, Burckhardt details the science, society and religion of Italy during those impressive years between 1350 and 1550.I think Daniel J Boorstin summarized it best when he said Burckhardt offered a classic portrait of the men and institutions that gave the era its characters and made it the mother of modern European civilization Like Gibbon s fantastic Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire it is tempting to gloss over how drastically the craft of history was changed by this book Burckhardt wasn t interested in a stale or utilitarian history He wanted a nest that was just as beautiful as the bird it bore

  3. says:

    This work bears the title of an essay in the strictest sense of the word. I did not know what I was getting into when I opened this book I assumed that it was simply a narrative history of the Renaissance, and thus I figured it would be mostly review But there is no narrative to be found in these pages Rather, Burckhardt gives us the pioneering work of cultural history, changing both our picture of the Renaissance and our ideas about how to write history A comparison with Gibbon is instr This work bears the title of an essay in the strictest sense of the word. I did not know what I was getting into when I opened this book I assumed that it was simply a narrative history of the Renaissance, and thus I figured it would be mostly review But there is no narrative to be found in these pages Rather, Burckhardt gives us the pioneering work of cultural history, changing both our picture of the Renaissance and our ideas about how to write history A comparison with Gibbon is instructive While Gibbon arranged all of his material into chronological order, searching for causes and effects in the ceaseless stream of history, hoping to finally solve that mystery of the ages namely, why did Rome fall Burckhardt is almost entirely unconcerned with causes.His book is not an attempt to explain the Italian Renaissance, but to describe it Thus he takes the approach of an anthropologist studying a people, hoping to understand a foreign culture He describes the political structure, the social hierarchy, the forms of education, the attitude towards the environment, the role of women, the religious rituals, the common superstitions, and muchIn the process, many events and people are portrayed, but only as illustrations of attitudes, ideals, mentalities What emerges is a picture of the Renaissance Mind Burckhardt s book is far from perfect For one, he wrote it for fellow scholars, not anticipating his book s popularity thus he presupposes quite a thorough knowledge of Renaissance history, constantly making references without explanations What is , his approach of anthropological history rests on the presupposition, which he tries to justify, that the culture of the Italian Renaissance was uniform and constant enough in the centuries between Dante and Michelangelo that scant attention need be paid to chronology And in the attempt to sharply delineate the Italian Renaissance from both the medieval period and the rest of Europe, Burckhardt makes some dubious generalizations especially about the Spanish, whom Burckhardt did not like Besides all this, it is somewhat unsatisfying to have a history book that is so unconcerned with historical causation At the very least, a modern treatment of the Renaissance wouldn t so totally neglect economics, as Burckhardt does These faults notwithstanding, this book is a true classic of history Burckhardt is so engrossed in the material, with such a deep knowledge of all the thinkers and writers, with all the pertinent facts at his fingertips, that you cannot but feel awed by the performance He is also such a stately writer Even in translation, his prose is elegant, managing to preserve the intimacy of an essay within the strictures of a historical treatise This stateliness also describes his turn of mind Burckhardt manages to be both brief and leisurely in his exposition, never rushing, never too eager to prove his point, and yet tackling complex topics in just a few pages Whether he was right or not, whether this is an accurate picture of the Italian Renaissance, I cannot say but it is a brilliant and important work of scholarship, an impressive and inspiring feat

  4. says:

    A masterpiece One has to be sure, of course, to find a copy that includes the photographic plates which are essential the penguin edition includes only the text and so is incomplete Worth whatever you pay If there were six stars available on this board, I would give it ten.http ca.youtube.com watch v LuUuYnX A masterpiece One has to be sure, of course, to find a copy that includes the photographic plates which are essential the penguin edition includes only the text and so is incomplete Worth whatever you pay If there were six stars available on this board, I would give it ten.http ca.youtube.com watch v LuUuYnX

  5. says:

    This is THE reference book about the Renaissance in terms of the view held up to Panofsky and 20c art criticism by the venerable Jacob Burckhardt Required reading for students of art history, it is an interesting study of the world during the Renaissance Highly criticized nowadays for its obsession with Italy and its bashing of the Middle Ages, I still found it interesting especially since I read Panofsky and others beforehand I felt that Burckhardt definitely had a thing for Italy and thus This is THE reference book about the Renaissance in terms of the view held up to Panofsky and 20c art criticism by the venerable Jacob Burckhardt Required reading for students of art history, it is an interesting study of the world during the Renaissance Highly criticized nowadays for its obsession with Italy and its bashing of the Middle Ages, I still found it interesting especially since I read Panofsky and others beforehand I felt that Burckhardt definitely had a thing for Italy and thus misses quite a lot that was happening in Flanders and France both in Paris and Avignon from an artistic point of view However, his analysis of Italian politics and art is still arguable one of the best around The style is very erudite, however, so the tepid fan might want to try something lighter see my review of A World Lit Only by Fire The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance Portrait of an Age

  6. says:

    Well, I guess that s what old history is like Burckhardt piles up his anecdotes and, true to his word, gives you his own picture of the Italian Renaissance Don t go looking for a narrative of events, or precise information It s all allusion and generalities That s not necessarily a bad thing, but I think I would ve had a better time if I d known that at the beginning The problem with this book is so obvious that it s almost silly to point it out Burckhardt s picture of the Renaissance is, Well, I guess that s what old history is like Burckhardt piles up his anecdotes and, true to his word, gives you his own picture of the Italian Renaissance Don t go looking for a narrative of events, or precise information It s all allusion and generalities That s not necessarily a bad thing, but I think I would ve had a better time if I d known that at the beginning The problem with this book is so obvious that it s almost silly to point it out Burckhardt s picture of the Renaissance is, shall we say, a little partial Everything the Italians did in the fifteenth century was wonderful and lovely everything the Northerners did before that was barabarous everything the Spanish did after that and boy, do the Spanish come in for a beating was equally barbarous The Muslims were okay, although they were a bit grasping and oppressive In short, only in Italy in the fifteenth century was life lived properly So it s pretty amusing when he says, at the start of his final chapter on morality, A tribunal there is for each one of us, whose voice is our conscience but let us have done with these generalities about nations He has to say this, though, so that we won t judge the Italians morality too harshly All those murders, all that violence, the horrors Just a consequence of the individualism of the times Can t be helped Better that than a world in which men don t go around f ing and killing whoever they want to Don t judge the whole nation of Italians Judge only all the other nations This is all nit picky, of course It s nicely written, and I m sure everyone who s interested will find bits that appeal to them one way or the other At least he doesn t try to theorize everything But be aware that this book is basically a book about how the writers in the Renaissance saw themselves, and not, as the title implies, about the civilization itself The middle ages weren t all that bad, and the Renaissance wasn t all that good

  7. says:

    The civilization that Buckhardt describes in this book is one that slowly leaves the middle ages style of government in fiefdoms and burghs and centralizes it s power under a bureaucratic authority According to him, this made possible for humanist and creative artistic and moral expressions to flourish and art to become freer and better able to capture the intricacies of human emotions.Well I disagree The portrait painted by Buckhardt in relation to the civilization of the Renaissance is not t The civilization that Buckhardt describes in this book is one that slowly leaves the middle ages style of government in fiefdoms and burghs and centralizes it s power under a bureaucratic authority According to him, this made possible for humanist and creative artistic and moral expressions to flourish and art to become freer and better able to capture the intricacies of human emotions.Well I disagree The portrait painted by Buckhardt in relation to the civilization of the Renaissance is not the most favorable one On the contrary, is one of coups, conflicts, tyranny and death Culture goes along the same way and although it s forms do flourish, art loses all it s popular spontaneity and become a mere mouthpiece for the ruling head The only creative and rebel exception is the one found in moralistic and thus religious art, like the ones from Dante for whom Buckhardt has a huge crush , Bocaccio and Bosch, Brueghel and Rabelais among other european nations Being faithful to a superior authority than the earthly one, religion allows art to fully criticize what it sees as a corrupt and degenerate society See what Deleuze mentions in his Vincenne classes the creative freedom of christianity But this are just disagreements This book should be celebrated as having inaugurated the field of cultural history, of even history of feelings , which I guess is muchfun than regular history There are moments of great beauty throughout the book, like when he describes italian geography as enchanted by it as the renaissance man newly found love for nature, or how he exceptionally chooses to analyze popular superstition However sometimes it just feels like a mish mash, it s theory of renaissantist gender equality is self defeating and disproves itself a few pages later and sometimes it just feels like he mixed the general life of the elites as a mutual conscience of a people Which brings to the question if something we can call Renaissance ever existed to the regular man at all and if far from elevating the general spirits it s true consequences for the poor of Italy were not only astrict bureaucracy, political and religious oppression and war

  8. says:

    Burkhardt s famous work on the Renaissance may seem difficult to read by modern sensibilities, but it truly started something very new There are two main ideas at play here First, the idea that the Renaissance is the first time that humanity starts to recognize and celebrate individuality Secondly, Burkhardt is using a methodology very different from historians before him He s not concerned with narrative of events, with politics or military developments Instead, he is examining Renaissance Burkhardt s famous work on the Renaissance may seem difficult to read by modern sensibilities, but it truly started something very new There are two main ideas at play here First, the idea that the Renaissance is the first time that humanity starts to recognize and celebrate individuality Secondly, Burkhardt is using a methodology very different from historians before him He s not concerned with narrative of events, with politics or military developments Instead, he is examining Renaissance culture through its art, its music, its poetry, basically, the things that it made This materialistic approach to cultural history is very interesting, and forces us to ask interesting questions about ourselves What does our architecture, our workspaces, our furniture, say about us Burkhardt s language is out of date and difficult for many, and he is full of anecdoes and random stories The pile of random Italian names grows and grows until the reader gets numb to the various stories, and keeping track of the various personalities being brandied about becomes overwhelming Yet slogging or skimming through these sections rewards the reader with interesting insights and a different way of looking at history For Burkhardt, the Renaissance is where modernity begins Individuality as we know it starts there Modern ways of thinking about science, philosophy, art, social relations, and politics all begins with developments in Renaissance Italy He may be overstating his case, but it is interesting nonetheless.There are of course problems His book, written in the mid 1800s, shows its age pretty terribly Much newer research has updating many of his claims Some assertions, like his claim that women and men were totally equal in this time, are almost laughable His work also lacks any sort of structure No introduction or conclusion, no clear transition passages, the work at times appears as notes for a a different, nonexistent work Despite these flaws, his work was incredibly influential and spawned new schools of thought among historians Few historians have been as influential as Burkhardt

  9. says:

    I gave this almost 100 pages, but I can t any There is one thing I take away from, at least from as much as I have writtenman is awful The greed, the desire for power, the murder, even of family members It hasn t changed Man hasn t changed one bit I can t read it any.

  10. says:

    Ah, the old war horse, an English professor of mine said when I told him I was going through this book years ago in college I have to say, its not quite Decline and Fall or Thucydides but its almost up there in the pantheon This really is a great history, and a real eye opener on one of our most valuable legacies in the heritage Burckhardt opens up with a bang the book is divided into two sections with the State as a Work of Art, which details the desperate evil of the multitudes of ill Ah, the old war horse, an English professor of mine said when I told him I was going through this book years ago in college I have to say, its not quite Decline and Fall or Thucydides but its almost up there in the pantheon This really is a great history, and a real eye opener on one of our most valuable legacies in the heritage Burckhardt opens up with a bang the book is divided into two sections with the State as a Work of Art, which details the desperate evil of the multitudes of illegitimate petty tyrants in Italy then launching into our general revival of antiquity, discovery of man as individual, festivals, nature, artthere is just so much here Rereading this has really been a pleasure For anyone having an even vague notion of Italy s contributions, please don t miss this I remember my last years of school going through all the epics of Tasso, Ariosto, Boirardo and Pulci It was such a different style and so extremely elegant This age is really one of such fire and passion The multitude of individuals here and their multifarious talents makes your head swim

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